Eriocaulon compressum

Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al.

in J. Lamarck et al.,Encycl. 3: 276. 1789

Basionyms: Eriocaulon decangulare Walter 1788, Eriocaulon gnaphalodes Michaux sensu Poiret
Synonyms: Eriocaulon cephalotes Michaux Sphaerochloa compressa Palisot de Beauvois
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.
Herbs, perennial, 20–70 cm. Leaves linear-attenuate, 5–30 cm, apex subulate. Inflorescences: scape sheaths mostly longer than principal leaves, loose; scapes linear, 1–3 mm wide, multiribbed (ribs lacunar); heads chalk white except for dark gray or near black exserted tips of receptacular bracts, anthers, hemispheric to subglobose, 10–20 mm wide, soft, much flattened when pressed; receptacle pilose; involucral bracts frequently squarrose, later obscured by mature bracteoles and flowers, gray, broadly ovate to oblong or elliptic, 2–3 mm, margins entire, apex rounded or obtuse, glabrous; inner bracts, receptacular bracteoles dark gray, spatulate-linear to oblong, 2–3 mm, margins entire, apex acute with white, club-shaped hairs. Staminate flowers: sepals 2, pale or with dark apex, linear or linear-spatulate, 2–4 mm, apex acute to blunt with mealy white, club-shaped hairs; androphore broadly club-shaped; petals 2, pale, oblong, conspicuously unequal, larger lobe apically fringed with pale, club-shaped hairs, smaller lobe glabrous or with a few hairs at apex; stamens 3–4(–6); anthers black. Pistillate flowers: sepals 2, dark at apex, oblong-spatulate, 2.5–3 mm, abaxially with mealy white, club-shaped hairs, adaxially with translucent hairs; petals 2, pale, oblong-spatulate, apex acute, abaxially with mealy white, club-shaped hairs, adaxially with translucent hairs; pistil 2-carpellate. Seeds dark lustrous brown, broadly ovoid to near round but asymmetric, 0.5 mm, mostly minutely spiny-papillate.

Phenology: Flowering late winter–spring.
Habitat: Sands and peats of shallow pineland ponds, savanna, seeps, ditches, or low flatwoods
Elevation: 0–300 m


V22 265-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.J., N.C., S.C., Tex.


Eriocaulon compressum is polymorphic in habit. Male flowers vary considerably in length and degree of connation, and female flowers are often sterile. Of the southeastern coastal plain species this and the similar, but proportionately smaller, E. lineare, are the most aquatic, the former most common around clay-based ponds, the latter around karst ponds. Unlike the more northern E. aquaticum, these two species seldom frequent the shallows of flowing streams.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Eriocaulon compressum"
AuthorRobert Kral +
AuthorityLamarck in J. Lamarck et al. +
BasionymsEriocaulon decangulare + and Eriocaulon gnaphalodes +
DistributionAla. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, S.C. + and Tex. +
Elevation0–300 m +
HabitatSands and peats of shallow pineland ponds, savanna, seeps, ditches, or low flatwoods +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
PhenologyFlowering late winter–spring. +
Publication titlein J. Lamarck et al.,Encycl. +
Publication year1789 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V22/V22 265.xml +
SynonymsEriocaulon cephalotes + and Sphaerochloa compressa +
Taxon familyEriocaulaceae +
Taxon nameEriocaulon compressum +
Taxon parentEriocaulon +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 22 +