Euphorbia peplus

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 456. 1753

Common names: Petty spurge
WeedyIntroducedIllustrated
Synonyms: Esula peplus (Linnaeus) Haworth Galarhoeus peplus (Linnaeus) Haworth ex Rydberg Tithymalus peplus (Linnaeus) Hill
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 307. Mentioned on page 297.

Herbs, annual, with taproot. Stems erect, unbranched or branched, 5–30 cm, glabrous. Leaves: petiole 1–10 mm; blade obovate, oblong, or suborbiculate, 5–25 × 4–15 mm, base attenuate or cuneate, margins entire, apex obtuse, surfaces glabrous; venation pinnate, midvein prominent. Cyathial arrangement: terminal pleiochasial branches 3–5, usually 2–8 times 2-branched, 1st branching level rarely 3-furcate; pleiochasial bracts similar in shape to and slightly larger than distal leaves; dichasial bracts distinct, ovate to obovate, base obtuse, margins entire, apex obtuse, usually mucronate; axillary cymose branches 0–3. Cyathia: peduncle 0.4–1.1 mm. Involucre cupulate to slightly turbinate, 0.6–1.1 × 0.7–0.9 mm, glabrous; glands 4, elliptic, 0.2–0.3 × 0.5–0.6 mm; horns slightly convergent to divergent, 0.4–0.6 mm. Staminate flowers 10–15. Pistillate flowers: ovary glabrous; styles 0.1–0.2 mm, 2-fid. Capsules subglobose, 1.3–2 × 1.5–2.2 mm, slightly 3-lobed; cocci rounded, with 2 low longitudinal wings, smooth, glabrous; columella 1.1–1.3 mm. Seeds whitish or grayish, subovoid, 1–1.6 × 0.6–1 mm, abaxial faces regularly large-pitted (appearing almost alveolate), adaxial faces longitudinally sulcate; caruncle deciduous, conic, 0.2–0.5 × 0.2–0.7 mm.


Phenology: Flowering and fruiting year-round.
Habitat: Edges of gardens, weedy flower beds, roadsides, waste places, open ground near forests.
Elevation: 0–1500 m.

Distribution

V12 27-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ala., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Europe, w Asia, introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, Bermuda, Central America, South America, Africa, Atlantic Islands, Indian Ocean Islands, Pacific Islands, Australia.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Euphorbia peplus"
Ricarda Riina +, Dmitry V. Geltman +, Jess A. Peirson +  and Paul E. Berry +
Linnaeus +
Petty spurge +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Europe +, w Asia +, introduced also in Mexico +, West Indies +, Bermuda +, Central America +, South America +, Africa +, Atlantic Islands +, Indian Ocean Islands +, Pacific Islands +  and Australia. +
0–1500 m. +
Edges of gardens, weedy flower beds, roadsides, waste places, open ground near forests. +
Flowering and fruiting year-round. +
Weedy +, Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Esula peplus +, Galarhoeus peplus +  and Tithymalus peplus +
Euphorbia peplus +
Euphorbia subg. Esula +
species +