Gaylussacia baccata

(Wangenheim) K. Koch

Dendrologie 2(1): 93. 1872 ,

Common names: Black huckleberry crackleberry
Endemic
Basionyms: Andromeda baccata Wangenheim Beytr. Teut. Forstwiss., 111, plate 30, fig. 69. 1787
Synonyms: Decachaena baccata (Wangenheim) Small Gaylussacia baccata var. glaucocarpa (B. L. Robinson) Mackenzie
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 534. Mentioned on page 531.

Plants 3–10(–15) dm, forming small to extensive colonies; branches spreading; twigs of current season pale green, glabrous. Leaves: petiole 1–2(–4) mm; blade pale green abaxially, green to yellowish green adaxially, ovate to oblong, (2–)2.5–5 × 1–2.5 cm, membranous to subcoriaceous, base cuneate, margins entire, apex rounded to obtuse, surfaces glabrous, sometimes puberulent on major veins, sessile-glandular. Inflorescences drooping, 3–7-flowered, bracteate, 0.5–1.5 cm, glabrous; bracts early-deciduous, not leaflike (linear-lanceolate), 2–4 mm, shorter than pedicels, glabrous, sessile-glandular. Pedicels 3–6 mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; bracteoles 1(–2), 1–2 mm. Flowers: sepals 5, 0.7–1 mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; petals 4–5, corolla orange to red, campanulate-conic, 4–5 mm, lobes 0.5–0.7 mm; filaments 2 mm, glabrous; anthers included, 2.2–2.5 mm, thecae divergent distally; ovary glabrous. Drupes juicy, sweet, glossy black (sometimes blue, rarely white), 6–7 mm diam., glabrous. Seeds ca. 2 mm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering late spring.
Habitat: Sandy or rocky soil in deciduous, pine, or mixed woods, roadsides, pastures, and utility rights-of-way, wet, acidic bogs, fens
Elevation: 0-800 m

Distribution

V8 1041-distribution-map.gif

Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Gaylussacia baccata"
Bruce A. Sorrie +, Alan S. Weakley +  and Gordon C. Tucker +
(Wangenheim) K. Koch +
Andromeda baccata +
Black huckleberry +  and crackleberry +
Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0-800 m +
Sandy or rocky soil in deciduous, pine, or mixed woods, roadsides, pastures, and utility rights-of-way, wet, acidic bogs, fens +
Flowering late spring. +
Dendrologie +
Decachaena baccata +  and Gaylussacia baccata var. glaucocarpa +
Gaylussacia baccata +
Gaylussacia +
species +