Gaylussacia tomentosa

(A. Gray) Pursh ex Small

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 443. 1897 ,

Common names: Hairy dangleberry
Basionyms: Gaylussacia frondosa var. tomentosa A. Gray in A. Gray et al., Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2: 19. 1878
Synonyms: Decachaena tomentosa (A. Gray) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 535. Mentioned on page 531.

Plants 7.5–20 dm, forming small to extensive colonies (by rhizomes); branches spreading; twigs of current season pale green, densely hairy, sessile-glandular. Leaves: petiole 2–3 mm; blade greenish white, glaucescent abaxially, dull green to yellowish green adaxially, ovate to oblong, 2.5–6 × 2–3 cm, subcoriaceous, base cuneate, margins entire, apex rounded to obtuse, surfaces densely short-hairy (longer hairs to ca. 0.2 mm), sessile-glandular abaxially. Inflorescences drooping, 2–4-flowered, sometimes flowers solitary, bracteate, 1–2.5 cm, glabrous or pilose, sessile-glandular; bracts early-deciduous, leaflike, 5–6 mm, shorter than pedicels, densely hairy. Pedicels 8–15(–20) mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; bracteoles 1–2, 1–2.5 mm. Flowers: sepals 5, 1–1.2 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy, sessile-glandular; petals 5, corolla greenish white, campanulate-conic, 3–5 mm, lobes deltate, ca. 1 mm; filaments 0.5–1 mm, ciliate; anthers included (tips barely exserted), 2.5 mm, thecae not divergent distally; ovary glabrous. Drupes juicy, sweet, dark blue, sometimes black, rarely white, glaucous, 5–8 mm diam., glabrous. Seeds 1.5 mm.


Phenology: Flowering late spring.
Habitat: Moist to wet pine flatwoods and savannas, margins of cypress-gum depressions, margins of blackwater floodplains, streamhead ecotones, sometimes in dry soils
Elevation: 0-100 m

Discussion

Gaylussacia tomentosa is a coastal plain endemic that replaces G. frondosa from South Carolina south-ward. The leaves and twigs are covered with dense, tawny hairs, unlike the relatively sparse, white hairs of G. frondosa.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Gaylussacia tomentosa"
Bruce A. Sorrie +, Alan S. Weakley +  and Gordon C. Tucker +
(A. Gray) Pursh ex Small +
Gaylussacia frondosa var. tomentosa +
Hairy dangleberry +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +  and S.C. +
0-100 m +
Moist to wet pine flatwoods and savannas, margins of cypress-gum depressions, margins of blackwater floodplains, streamhead ecotones, sometimes in dry soils +
Flowering late spring. +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
Decachaena tomentosa +
Gaylussacia tomentosa +
Gaylussacia +
species +