Glinus lotoides


Sp. Pl. 1: 463. 1753.

Common names: Damascisa
Synonyms: Glinus dictamnoides Burman f. Mollugo glinus A. Richard Mollugo hirta Thunberg
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 512. Mentioned on page 507.

Stems 0.5–3.5 dm. Leaves whorled; petiole 1–7 mm; blade obovate or orbiculate to broadly spatulate, 5–25 × 0.4–17 mm, base cuneate, apex broadly rounded to acute. Flowers in clusters of 3–15; sepals lanceolate, 3.5–4.1 × 0.4–2 mm, stellate-pubescent abaxially, glabrous adaxially, apex rounded to acute or slightly mucronate; stamens 3–5. Capsules ellipsoid, 3.6–4.5 × 1.8–2 mm. Seeds 10–25 per locule, orange-brown, 0.4–0.6 × 0.3–0.4 mm, papillate, somewhat glossy or dull; papillae sometimes black. 2n = 36.

Phenology: Flowering late summer–fall.
Habitat: Moist soils, river bottoms, lake margins, marshes, waste places
Elevation: 0-1300 m


V4 1038-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Ark., Calif., Kans., La., Mo., Okla., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, South America, Eurasia, Africa, Australia.


Glinus lotoides is native to Eurasia and Africa and has become widespread in tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate areas worldwide. Several varieties have been described, but their delimitations are unclear and need further investigation. The vernacular name “damascisa” is applied to this species, as well as several other plants, which are used in Africa for treatment of diabetes and skin ailments (A. El-Hamidi et al. 1967). In India, the species is used as treatment for diarrhea, boils, and abdominal diseases, as well as weakness in children (K. R. Kirtikar and B. D. Basu 1935). Antihelmintic properties are reported for G. lotoides from several African studies (B. Abegaz and B. Tecle 1980; G. Broberg 1980).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Glinus lotoides"
Michael A. Vincent +
Linnaeus +
Damascisa +
Ark. +, Calif. +, Kans. +, La. +, Mo. +, Okla. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, South America +, Eurasia +, Africa +  and Australia. +
0-1300 m +
Moist soils, river bottoms, lake margins, marshes, waste places +
Flowering late summer–fall. +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Glinus dictamnoides +, Mollugo glinus +  and Mollugo hirta +
Glinus lotoides +
species +