Harrisella porrecta

(Reichenbach f.) Fawcett & Rendle

J. Bot. 47: 266. 1909. 1909

Illustrated
Basionyms: Aeranthus porrectus Reichenbach f. Flora 48: 279. 1865
Synonyms: Campylocentrum porrectum (Reichenbach f.) Rolfe Harrisella amesiana Cogniaux Harrisella uniflora H. Dietrich
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 622. Mentioned on page 619.

Plants leafless, inconspicuous. Roots numerous, silvery gray-green, 0.25–1 mm diam., covering stems. Stems erect with a few reddish brown, scarious scales, to 15 mm. Inflorescences few to many, lax racemes or panicles arising through mass of roots, 2–5 cm; floral bracts less than 1 mm. Flowers pale yellow; dorsal sepal elliptic, obovate, 2–2.5 × 1.3 mm, apex obtuse to rounded; lateral sepals obliquely elliptic-ovate, 2–2.5 × 1–1.2 mm, apex obtuse to rounded; petals ovate, obtuse, clawed, slightly smaller than sepals; lip broadly ovate, concave, 2.7–4 mm, base with short, apically expanded, scrotiform spur 1 mm wide, margins involute, apex obtuse to rounded; disc with erect tubercle; column stout, 0.25 mm; ovary subsessile, 2 mm. Capsules reddish brown when mature, ovoid, 4.5–6 mm, sparsely verruculose.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Sep.
Habitat: On twigs of shrubs and small trees, swamps, mesic hardwood hammocks
Elevation: 0–20 m

Distribution

V26 1271-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America (El Salvador).

Discussion

Four species have been recognized in Harrisella: H. porrecta, H. filiformis (Swartz) Cogniaux, H. monteverdi (Reichenbach f.) Cogniaux, and H. uniflora Dietrich (H. Dietrich 1982). Harrisella porrecta is sometimes confused with H. filiformis (e.g., N. L. Britton et al. [1923–]1930, vol. [1], part 2); a comparison of the types clearly shows that they are distinct. Harrisella filiformis and H. monteverdi are synonymous and belong to the related genus Campylocentrum (J. D. Ackerman 1995). The Cuban H. uniflora appears to be a depauperate H. porrecta. Nonetheless, the genus may not be monotypic. Mexican populations of H. porrecta do have some distinctive features and may represent at least one additional species (N. M. Warford 1997).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Harrisella porrecta"
James D. Ackerman +
(Reichenbach f.) Fawcett & Rendle +
Aeranthus porrectus +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +  and Central America (El Salvador). +
0–20 m +
On twigs of shrubs and small trees, swamps, mesic hardwood hammocks +
Flowering Aug–Sep. +
Illustrated +
Campylocentrum porrectum +, Harrisella amesiana +  and Harrisella uniflora +
Harrisella porrecta +
Harrisella +
species +