Erythea 1: 127. 1893.
Plants 15–45 cm. Cauline leaves: largest proximal to mid stems; blades sometimes ± 3-nerved, oblong or elliptic to broadly-oblanceolate, 10–15 cm, faces sparsely hirsute (mostly abaxially and near margins). Heads borne singly, erect. Involucres hemispheric, 25–40 mm diam. Phyllaries (usually outer 3–4+ foliaceous, 3–10 cm, curling over heads) lanceolate to lance-oblong (margins usually ciliate, abaxial faces densely pubescent or glabrate). Paleae chartaceous, relatively firm. Ray florets 12–21; laminae (10–)20–30 mm. Disc corollas yellow. Cypselae weakly compressed (plump in middles, edges thin, faces, glabrous); pappi 0 or of 2 ± subulate scales. 2n = 30.
Phenology: Flowering Apr–May.
Habitat: Grassy hillsides
Elevation: 0–1200 m
Helianthella castanea is known only from the San Francisco Bay area.