Juncus elliottii

Chapman
Fl. South. U.S. 494. 1860.
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.

Herbs, perennial, cespitose, 3–9 dm. Roots often with terminal tubers. Culms erect, terete, 1–3 mm diam., smooth. Cataphylls 1, maroon to brown, apex acute. Leaves: basal 1–3, cauline 1–2; auricles 0.5–2 mm, apex rounded, scarious; blade green or maroon, compressed, 2–16 cm × 1–2 mm. , with faint ringlike bands at position of septa. Inflorescences terminal panicles of 40–100(–200) heads, 4–16 cm, branches ascending to spreading; primary bract erect to ascending; heads 2–10-flowered, hemispheric to obpyramidal, 0.3–0.5 mm diam. Flowers: tepals straw-colored, lanceolate, apex acuminate; outer tepals (2.2–)2.6–2.9 mm; inner tepals (1.8–)2.4–2.8; stamens 3, anthers 2/3 to equal filament length. Capsules exserted, chestnut brown, 1-locular, narrowly obpyriform to narrowly ovoid, 2.4–2.9 mm, apex acute, valves separating at dehiscence. Seeds ellipsoid, 0.3–0.5 mm, not tailed; body clearly yellow-brown. 2n = 40.


Phenology: Fruiting summer.
Habitat: Wet sands, peaty sands, or peat, exposed shores of ponds and lakes, depressions in savannas and flatwoods, moist to wet, much disturbed clearings, roadsides and ditches
Elevation: 0–700 m

Distribution

V22 214-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.J., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.

Discussion

Juncus elliottii has tubers at the ends of the roots.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Juncus elliottii"
Ralph E. Brooks* +  and Steven E. Clemants* +
Chapman +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +  and Va. +
0–700 m +
Wet sands, peaty sands, or peat, exposed shores of ponds and lakes, depressions in savannas and flatwoods, moist to wet, much disturbed clearings, roadsides and ditches +
Fruiting summer. +
Fl. South. U.S. +
Juncus sect. Septati +
Juncus elliottii +
Juncus subg. Septati +
species +