Liparis nervosa

(Thunberg ex Murray) Lindley

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., 26. 1830.

Common names: Tall liparis
Basionym: Ophrys nervosa Thunberg ex Murray Syst. Veg. ed. 14, 814. 1784
Synonyms: Leptorchis elata (Lindley) Kuntze Liparis bituberculata Reichenbach f. Liparis elata Lindley Liparis elata var. latifolia Ridley Sturmia bituberculata
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 626.

Plants 12–60 cm. Pseudobulbs conic, slightly compressed, 5–7 × 2–3 cm, sheathed by bracts and persistent leaf bases, previous year’s pseudobulb usually present, connected by short rhizome, producing numerous fibrous roots. Stems pale green or green, sometimes suffused with purple-maroon, angled, prominently winged distally. Leaves 3–7, sheathing stem and pseudobulb, reduced distally to minute bracts; blade green, glossy, plicate, ovate or elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, 6–30 × 5.5–12 cm, membranaceous, apex broadly rounded to abruptly acuminate. Inflorescences 3–26 cm; floral bracts subulate to triangular-lanceolate, 6–12 × 3 mm, apex acuminate; pedicels stout, 3–5 mm. Flowers 10–40, greenish purple; dorsal sepal oblong-elliptic to linear-oblong, 5–8 × 1.8–4 mm, margins strongly revolute, apex broadly rounded to obtuse; lateral sepals falcate, ovate-oblong to elliptic, 4–7 × 2–3.5 mm, apex obtuse to subacute; petals falcate, linear-oblanceolate to narrowly spatulate, nearly tubular, 5–7.5 × 1–2 mm, margins strongly revolute; lip strongly arcuate-recurved, obcordate to broadly cuneate or oblong-flabellate, base obsoletely auriculate, apex emarginate, sometimes mucronate; callus with 2 fleshy tubercles on basal portion, maroon-purple, 4–5.5 ×3.5–5.3 mm; column stout, 3.5–5 × 1–1.5 mm, winged apically; anthers bright green; pollinia yellow. Capsules obovoid to ellipsoid, 12–15 × 5–6 mm.

Phenology: Flowering Jul–Sep.
Habitat: Cypress swamps on decaying logs and stumps, in rich humus of hammock or in wet muck, also dense hardwood forests
Elevation: 0–1500 m


V26 1281-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia (Formosa, India, Japan, Thailand), tropical Africa, Pacific Islands (Philippines).


Liparis nervosa, a pantropical orchid, is probably the most widespread orchid in the world. Liparis nervosa has over fifty different published synonyms from tropical areas.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Liparis nervosa"
Lawrence K. Magrath +
(Thunberg ex Murray) Lindley +
Ophrys nervosa +
Tall liparis +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Asia (Formosa +, India +, Japan +, Thailand) +, tropical Africa +  and Pacific Islands (Philippines). +
0–1500 m +
Cypress swamps on decaying logs and stumps, in rich humus of hammock or in wet muck, also dense hardwood forests +
Flowering Jul–Sep. +
Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., +
Leptorchis elata +, Liparis bituberculata +, Liparis elata +, Liparis elata var. latifolia +  and Sturmia bituberculata +
Liparis nervosa +
species +