Maianthemum trifolium

(Linnaeus) Sloboda
Rostlinnictví, 192. 1852.
Common names: Three-leaf Solomon’s-seal three-leaf Solomon’s-plume smilacine trifoliée
Basionym: Convallaria trifolia Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 316. 1753
Synonyms: Smilacina trifolia (Linnaeus) Desfontaines Unifolium trifolium (Linnaeus) Greene Vagnera trifolia (Linnaeus) Morong
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 209. Mentioned on page 207.

Plants aquatic, 4–15 cm. Rhizomes sympodial, proliferatively spreading, filiform, units 2–30 cm × 1–2 mm, roots restricted to nodes. Stems erect, 1–2.5 dm × 2–3 mm. Leaves 2–4 on fertile shoots, sessile; blade elliptic, 5–12 × 2.5–4 cm; base narrowly tapering; apex acute or acuminate. Inflorescences racemose, simple, 5–15-flowered. Flowers 3-merous; tepals conspicuous, 2.5–4 × 1.5–2 mm; filaments 1.5–2 mm; anthers 0.5–0.7 mm; ovary globose or cylindrical, 2–2.5 × 1.5–2.4 mm; style 0.5–1.5 mm; stigma distinctively 3-lobed; pedicel 1–3 × 0.5 mm. Berries green with fine red spots when young, maturing to red, globose, 4–6 mm diam. Seeds 1–3, globose, 2 mm. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jun, fruits retained through Sep.
Habitat: Often forming dense clonal patches in sphagnum bogs, muskegs, and wet forests
Elevation: 0–1000 m

Distribution

V26 362-distribution-map.jpg

St. Pierre and Miquelon, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Conn., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Wis., Asia (Siberia).

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Maianthemum trifolium"
James V. LaFrankie +
(Linnaeus) Sloboda +
Convallaria trifolia +
Three-leaf Solomon’s-seal +, three-leaf Solomon’s-plume +  and smilacine trifoliée +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Conn. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Wis. +  and Asia (Siberia). +
0–1000 m +
Often forming dense clonal patches in sphagnum bogs, muskegs, and wet forests +
Flowering May–Jun, fruits retained through Sep. +
Rostlinnictví, +
Smilacina trifolia +, Unifolium trifolium +  and Vagnera trifolia +
Maianthemum trifolium +
Maianthemum +
species +