Mantisalca salmantica

(Linnaeus) Briquet & Cavillier

Biblioth. Universelle Rev. Suisse, pér. 5, 5: 111. 1930

Common names: Dagger-flower
Basionyms: Centaurea salmantica Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 918. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 174.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: John Myers
Herbage cobwebby-tomentose proximally, glabrous distally. Stems usually 1, leafless distally. Leaves: basal blades oblong, 10–25 cm, margins pinnately lobed; cauline linear to lanceolate, smaller distally, dentate to pinnately dissected. Heads long-pedunculate. Involucres ovoid, distally narrowed. Phyllaries greenish or stramineous, apically blackish, spine tips deciduous, spreading or reflexed, 1–3 mm. Corollas ± purple (rarely white). Cypselae dark brown, 3–4 mm; pappus bristles brownish white or reddish, 2–3 mm. 2n = 18 (Italy), 20 (North Africa), 22 (Europe).

Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer (May–Jun).
Habitat: Disturbed sites
Elevation: 0–1700 m

Distribution

V19-192-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Calif., Europe, n Africa.

Discussion

Mantisalca salmantica is native to the Mediterranean region. It is considered an uncommon introduction into disturbed sites.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Mantisalca salmantica"
AuthorDavid J. Keil +
Authority(Linnaeus) Briquet & Cavillier +
BasionymsCentaurea salmantica +
Common nameDagger-flower +
DistributionAriz. +, Calif. +, Europe + and n Africa. +
Elevation0–1700 m +
HabitatDisturbed sites +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering spring–early summer (May–Jun). +
Publication titleBiblioth. Universelle Rev. Suisse, pér. +
Publication year1930 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 192.xml +
SynonymsCompositae +
Taxon familyAsteraceae +
Taxon nameMantisalca salmantica +
Taxon parentMantisalca +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 19 +