Mantisalca salmantica

(Linnaeus) Briquet & Cavillier
Biblioth. Universelle Rev. Suisse, pér. 5, 5: 111. 1930.
Common names: Dagger-flower
Basionyms: Centaurea salmantica Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 918. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 174.

Herbage cobwebby-tomentose proximally, glabrous distally. Stems usually 1, leafless distally. Leaves: basal blades oblong, 10–25 cm, margins pinnately lobed; cauline linear to lanceolate, smaller distally, dentate to pinnately dissected. Heads long-pedunculate. Involucres ovoid, distally narrowed. Phyllaries greenish or stramineous, apically blackish, spine tips deciduous, spreading or reflexed, 1–3 mm. Corollas ± purple (rarely white). Cypselae dark brown, 3–4 mm; pappus bristles brownish white or reddish, 2–3 mm. 2n = 18 (Italy), 20 (North Africa), 22 (Europe).

Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer (May–Jun).
Habitat: Disturbed sites
Elevation: 0–1700 m



Introduced; Ariz., Calif., Europe, n Africa.


Mantisalca salmantica is native to the Mediterranean region. It is considered an uncommon introduction into disturbed sites.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


... more about "Mantisalca salmantica"
David J. Keil +
(Linnaeus) Briquet & Cavillier +
Centaurea salmantica +
Dagger-flower +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Europe +  and n Africa. +
0–1700 m +
Disturbed sites +
Flowering spring–early summer (May–Jun). +
Biblioth. Universelle Rev. Suisse, pér. +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Compositae +
Mantisalca salmantica +
Mantisalca +
species +