Mantisalca salmantica

(Linnaeus) Briquet & Cavillier
Biblioth. Universelle Rev. Suisse, pér. 5, 5: 111. 1930.
Common names: Dagger-flower
IntroducedIllustrated
Basionyms: Centaurea salmantica Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 918. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 174.

Herbage cobwebby-tomentose proximally, glabrous distally. Stems usually 1, leafless distally. Leaves: basal blades oblong, 10–25 cm, margins pinnately lobed; cauline linear to lanceolate, smaller distally, dentate to pinnately dissected. Heads long-pedunculate. Involucres ovoid, distally narrowed. Phyllaries greenish or stramineous, apically blackish, spine tips deciduous, spreading or reflexed, 1–3 mm. Corollas ± purple (rarely white). Cypselae dark brown, 3–4 mm; pappus bristles brownish white or reddish, 2–3 mm. 2n = 18 (Italy), 20 (North Africa), 22 (Europe).


Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer (May–Jun).
Habitat: Disturbed sites
Elevation: 0–1700 m

Distribution

V19-192-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Ariz., Calif., Europe, n Africa.

Discussion

Mantisalca salmantica is native to the Mediterranean region. It is considered an uncommon introduction into disturbed sites.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Mantisalca salmantica"
David J. Keil +
(Linnaeus) Briquet & Cavillier +
Centaurea salmantica +
Dagger-flower +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Europe +  and n Africa. +
0–1700 m +
Disturbed sites +
Flowering spring–early summer (May–Jun). +
Biblioth. Universelle Rev. Suisse, pér. +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Compositae +
Mantisalca salmantica +
Mantisalca +
species +