Meconella californica

Torrey & Frémont in J. C. Frémont

in J. C. Frémont, Rep. Exped. Rocky Mts., 312. 1845

Synonyms: Meconella oregana var. californica (Torrey & Frémont) Jepson
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Plants 0.3-1.8 dm. Stems erect to ascending. Leaves 3-25 mm; basal with blade spatulate; proximal cauline whorled, blade linear-spatulate; distal usually opposite, blade broadly linear; petiole to 17 mm; margins entire or rarely denticulate. Inflorescences: peduncle 3-8 cm. Flowers: receptacle shorter than broad, expanded into small ring beneath calyx; petals white to cream colored or outer sometimes yellow, alternately obovate and narrowly ovate, 2-7 × 1-5 mm, apex rounded; stamens ca. (6-)12, in 2 series; outer filaments shorter than inner; anthers ovoid to globose, much shorter than filaments, usually broader. Capsules to 50 × 1.5 mm. 2n = 16.

Phenology: Flowering late winter–late spring.
Habitat: Moist, sunny slopes in open grassy areas in grasslands, oak or pine woodlands
Elevation: 0-1000 m


The yellow color that occurs in the outer petals of some plants fades at night and returns in daylight.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Meconella californica"
AuthorGary L. Hannan +
AuthorityTorrey & Frémont in J. C. Frémont +
DistributionCalif. +
Elevation0-1000 m +
HabitatMoist, sunny slopes in open grassy areas in grasslands, oak or pine woodlands +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering late winter–late spring. +
Publication titlein J. C. Frémont, Rep. Exped. Rocky Mts., +
Publication year1845 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V3/V3 894.xml +
Special statusEndemic + and Illustrated +
SynonymsMeconella oregana var. californica +
Taxon familyPapaveraceae +
Taxon nameMeconella californica +
Taxon parentMeconella +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +