Myrsine cubana

A. de Candolle

Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 16: 86. 1841,

Synonyms: Rapanea punctata (Lamarck) Lundell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 321.
Shrubs or trees, to 15 m; branchlets glabrous. Leaves: petiole 4–7 mm, glabrous; blade 3.9–13.2 × 2.4–5.6 cm, surfaces punctate. Inflorescences: staminate 5–9-flowered, pistillate 3–7-flowered; peduncle 1.3–4.3 × 1.2–2.2 mm. Pedicels: 0.4–1.1 mm in staminate inflorescences, 1–1.4 mm in pistillate inflorescences, glabrous. Staminate flowers: sepals 0.7–1 mm, margins entire, densely glandular-ciliate, apex acute, surface punctate, glabrous; petals lanceolate, 2.3–2.5 mm, margins entire, densely glandular-granulose, apex acute, surface punctate, glabrous; filaments rudimentary; anthers attached at apex of corolla tube, oblong, apex obtuse, epunctate dorsally; pistillode glabrous. Pistillate flowers similar to staminate except sepals 1–1.4 mm; petals 2.5–2.7 mm; staminodes 2.5–2.8 mm; filaments rudimentary; antherodes lanceolate, apex acuminate, apiculate; pistil punctate, glabrous; ovules 3–9. Drupes green to black, 3.5–4.5 mm diam., punctate.

Phenology: Flowering Oct–Apr; fruiting year-round.
Habitat: Mangrove formations
Elevation: 0-10 m


V8 643-distribution-map.gif

Fla., West Indies (Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba), Central America.


J. M. Ricketson and J. J. Pipoly (1997) discussed the correct application of the name Myrsine cubana. The widely used name M. floridana A. de Candolle is superfluous.

Myrsine cubana has sometimes been confused with M. guyanensis (Aublet) Kuntze, a South American species found in Brazil, the Guianas, and eastern Venezuela; see J. J. Pipoly (1992, 1992b) for the diagnostic features separating these taxa. In addition, M. cubana has a confused nomenclatural history; see J. M. Ricketson and Pipoly (1997) for a discussion.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Myrsine cubana"
AuthorJohn J. Pipoly III + and Jon M. Ricketson +
AuthorityA. de Candolle +
DistributionFla. +, West Indies (Bahamas +, Cayman Islands +, Cuba) + and Central America. +
Elevation0-10 m +
HabitatMangrove formations +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
PhenologyFlowering Oct–Apr + and fruiting year-round. +
Publication titleAnn. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V8/V8 643.xml +
SynonymsRapanea punctata +
Taxon familyMyrsinaceae +
Taxon nameMyrsine cubana +
Taxon parentMyrsine +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 8 +