Nuphar advena

(Aiton) W. T. Aiton

Hortus Kew. 3: 295. 1811

Selected by author to be illustratedWeedy
Basionyms: Nymphaea advena Aiton Hort. Kew. 2: 226. 1789
Synonyms: Nuphar fluviatilis (R. M. Harper) Standley Nuphar lutea subsp. advena (Aiton) Kartesz & Gandhi Nuphar lutea subsp. macrophylla (Small) E. O. Beal Nuphar lutea subsp. ozarkana (G. S. Miller & Standley) E. O. Beal Nuphar ovata Fernald Nuphar ozarkana G. S. Miller & Standley Nuphar puteora R. M. Harper Nuphar ×interfluitans G. S. Miller & Standley Nymphaea advena subsp. macrophylla (Small) G. S. Miller & Standley Nymphaea chartacea G. S. Miller & Standley Nymphaea fluviatilis G. S. Miller & Standley Nymphaea ludoviciana G. S. Miller & Standley Nymphaea macrophylla G. S. Miller & Standley Nymphaea microcarpa unknown Nymphaea ovata unknown Nymphaea ozarkana unknown Nymphaea puberula unknown
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: John Myers
Rhizomes mostly 5-10 cm diam. Leaves mostly emersed, occasionally floating or submersed; petiole terete or adaxially slightly flattened. Leaf blade abaxially and adaxially green, broadly ovate to nearly orbiculate, 12-40 - 7-30 cm, 1-2 times as long as wide, sinus 1/3-1/2 length of midrib, lobes overlapping to divergent, often forming angle of 90° or greater; surfaces abaxially glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Flowers to 4 cm diam.; sepals mostly 6, abaxially green to adaxially yellow, rarely red-tinged toward base; petals oblong, thick; anthers 3-7 mm, longer than filaments. Fruit green, ovoid, 2-5 × 2-5 cm, moderately ribbed, slightly constricted below stigmatic disk; stigmatic disk green, occasionally reddened, 13-25 mm diam., entire to crenate; stigmatic rays 9-23, linear to lanceolate, terminating 1-3 mm from margin of disk. Seeds 3-6 mm.

Phenology: Flowering mid spring–early fall, extended farther south.
Habitat: Ponds, lakes, sluggish streams and rivers, springs, marshes, ditches, canals, sloughs, and tidal waters
Elevation: 0-450 m

Distribution

V3 390-distribution-map.gif

Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Mexico (Coahuila, Tamaulipas), West Indies (Cuba).

Discussion

Nuphar advena is extremely variable and intergrades with N. orbiculata, N. ulvacea, and N. sagittifolia in areas of sympatry. Intergradation with N. variegata (E. O. Beal 1956) can be observed in the mid-Atlantic region, although most floristic treatments from the area of overlap treat the two taxa as distinct species. Local variation in the Ozark Mountains and in Texas, the basis for the names Nymphaea ozarkana, N. ovata, and N. puberula, is not considered sufficient to warrant recognition.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Nuphar advena"
AuthorJohn. H. Wiersema + and C. Barre Hellquist +
Authority(Aiton) W. T. Aiton +
BasionymsNymphaea advena +
DistributionOnt. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Mexico (Coahuila +, Tamaulipas) + and West Indies (Cuba). +
Elevation0-450 m +
HabitatPonds, lakes, sluggish streams and rivers, springs, marshes, ditches, canals, sloughs, and tidal waters +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering mid spring–early fall, extended farther south. +
Publication titleHortus Kew. +
Publication year1811 +
Referenceschneider1977a + and wiersema1994a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 390.xml +
Special statusSelected by author to be illustrated + and Weedy +
SynonymsNuphar fluviatilis +, Nuphar lutea subsp. advena +, Nuphar lutea subsp. macrophylla +, Nuphar lutea subsp. ozarkana +, Nuphar ovata +, Nuphar ozarkana +, Nuphar puteora +, Nuphar ×interfluitans +, Nymphaea advena subsp. macrophylla +, Nymphaea chartacea +, Nymphaea fluviatilis +, Nymphaea ludoviciana +, Nymphaea macrophylla +, Nymphaea microcarpa +, Nymphaea ovata +, Nymphaea ozarkana + and Nymphaea puberula +
Taxon familyNymphaeaceae +
Taxon nameNuphar advena +
Taxon parentNuphar +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +