Polygonum aviculare subsp. depressum

(Meisner) Arcangeli

Comp. Fl. Ital., 583. 1882

Common names: Common or oval-leaf knotweed renouée à petits fruits
Basionyms: Polygonum aviculare var. depressum Meisner in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 98. 1856
Synonyms: Polygonum aequale Boreau Polygonum arenastrum Lindman Polygonum aviculare subsp. aequale (Lindman) Ascherson & Graebner Polygonum aviculare subsp. calcatum (Lindman) Thellung Polygonum aviculare subsp. microspermum (Jordan ex Boreau) Berher Polygonum calcatum unknown Polygonum microspermum unknown Polygonum montereyense unknown
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 559. Mentioned on page 556.
Plants green, homophyllous or subheterophyllous. Stems 3–15, prostrate to ascending, mat-forming, branched at most nodes, proximal branches divaricate, (5–)10–50(–100) cm. Leaves: ocrea with proximal part cylindric to funnelform, either short, 3–5.5 mm, with distal part soon disintegrating and leaving almost no fibrous remains, or long, 7–12 mm, with distal part with veins inconspicuous, membranous, margins ± lacerate, overlapping towards apices of stems and branches; petiole 0.5–3 mm; blade green, lateral veins visible but not raised abaxially, elliptic to narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, (6.2–)8–27(–35) × (1.4–)2–7(–10) mm, 2.8–5.7(–6.5) times as long as wide, apex obtuse or acute, rarely longitudinally striate; stem leaves 1–2.3(–3.4) times as long as branch leaves. Cymes uniformly distributed or, sometimes, crowded at tips of branches, 2–7-flowered. Pedicels enclosed in ocreae, 1–2.5 mm. Flowers: perianth (1.8–)2–3.4(–4) mm, 1.5–2.9 times as long as wide; tube 40–57% of perianth length; tepals overlapping but spreading slightly in fruit, green or reddish brown with white margins, oblong, flat or obscurely cucullate in fruit, outer tepals not pouched at base; midveins unbranched, thin to moderately thickened; stamens 5–7. Achenes usually slightly exserted from perianth, dark brown, ovate, (2–)3-gonous, 1.5–2.7(–3) mm, faces evidently unequal, flat to concave, apex straight or slightly bent toward narrow face, almost smooth, roughened, or coarsely striate-tubercled; late-season achenes common, 2.5–4.5 mm. 2n = 40, 60.

Phenology: Flowering May–Nov.
Habitat: Fields, uncultivated areas, waste places, roadsides
Elevation: 0-2500 m

Distribution

V5 1141-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Europe.

Discussion

Polygonum montereyense is a distinctive morphotype that may deserve infraspecific recognition. Plants referable to it have ocreae 8–13 mm, with distal parts silvery, persistent, entire or slightly lacerate, overlapping, and few-veined. Apparently, this type is restricted to California. Plants referable to P. arenastrum in the narrow sense are the most commonly encountered form of the subspecies in North America.

Subspecies depressum has been reported from Greenland and St. Pierre and Miquelon; those reports have not been confirmed.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

AuthorMihai Costea +, François J. Tardif + and Harold R. Hinds† +
Authority(Meisner) Arcangeli +
BasionymsPolygonum aviculare var. depressum +
Common nameCommon or oval-leaf knotweed + and renouée à petits fruits +
DistributionAlta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. + and Europe. +
Elevation0-2500 m +
HabitatFields, uncultivated areas, waste places, roadsides +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering May–Nov. +
Publication titleComp. Fl. Ital., +
Publication year1882 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V5/V5 1141.xml +
SynonymsPolygonum aequale +, Polygonum arenastrum +, Polygonum aviculare subsp. aequale +, Polygonum aviculare subsp. calcatum +, Polygonum aviculare subsp. microspermum +, Polygonum calcatum +, Polygonum microspermum + and Polygonum montereyense +
Taxon familyPolygonaceae +
Taxon namePolygonum aviculare subsp. depressum +
Taxon parentPolygonum aviculare +
Taxon ranksubspecies +
VolumeVolume 5 +