Quercus ilicifolia

Wangenheim
Beytr. Teut. Forstwiss., 79, plate 6, fig. 17. 1787.
Common names: Bear oak scrub oak
EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Quercus nana (Marshall) Sargent
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Trees or shrubs, deciduous, to 6 m. Bark dark gray, becoming shallowly fissured and scaly, inner bark pinkish. Twigs brown or yellowish brown, 1.5-3 mm diam., pubescent. Terminal buds dark reddish brown, ovoid, 2-4.5 mm, apex puberulent. Leaves: petiole (8-)10-25 mm, pubescent. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic or obovate, 50-120 × 30-90 mm, base cuneate to obtuse, margins with 3-7 acute lobes separated by shallow sinuses and 5-14 awns, apex acute; surfaces abaxially pale green to gray, tomentose, adaxially glossy dark green, glabrous, secondary veins raised on both surfaces. Acorns biennial; cup saucer-shaped to cup-shaped, 5-9 mm high × 10.5-17 mm wide, covering 1/4-1/3(-1/2) nut, outer surface puberulent, inner surface pubescent, scale tips tightly appressed, acute; nut ovoid to subglobose, 9.5-16 × 8-11 mm, striate, puberulent, scar diam. 4.8-7 mm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Dry, sandy soils and open rocky outcrops
Elevation: 0-1500 m

Distribution

V3 900-distribution-map.gif

Conn., Del., Maine, Md., Mass., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Quercus ilicifolia reportedly hybridizes with Q. coccinea, Q. falcata, Q. imbricaria, Q. marilandica, Q. phellos, Q. rubra, and Q. velutina.

The Iroquois considered Quercus ilicifolia very helpful in treating gynecological problems (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Quercus ilicifolia"
Kevin C. Nixon +
Wangenheim +
Bear oak +  and scrub oak +
Conn. +, Del. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
0-1500 m +
Dry, sandy soils and open rocky outcrops +
Flowering spring. +
Beytr. Teut. Forstwiss., +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
Quercus nana +
Quercus ilicifolia +
Quercus sect. Lobatae +
species +