Rapistrum rugosum

(Linnaeus) Allioni
Fl. Pedem. 1: 640. 1785.
Common names: Bastard-cabbage
WeedyIntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Myagrum rugosum Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 257. 1753
Synonyms: Rapistrum hispanicum (Linnaeus) Crantz
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 441.

Plants hispid proximally, glabrous distally. Stems (1–)2–10(–15) dm. Basal leaves: petiole 1–5 cm; blade with 1–5 lobes each side, 2–25 cm, margins irregularly dentate, lateral lobe oblong or ovate, terminal lobe suborbicular or ovate, larger than lateral. Cauline leaves: blade simple or sinuately lobed, margins subentire or dentate. Fruiting pedicels erect, (appressed to rachis), 1.5–5 mm. Flowers: sepals 2.5–5 mm; petals pale yellow, 6–11 × 2.5–4 mm; filaments 4–7 mm; anthers 1.2–1.5 mm. Fruits: valvular segment ellipsoid, 0.7–3 × 0.5–1.5 mm; terminal segment globose or ovoid, 1.5–3.5 × 1–2.8 mm, usually rugose or ribbed, rarely smooth; style 1–3(–5) mm. Seeds 1.5–2.5 mm. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jul (Nov–Jun in Texas).
Habitat: Roadsides, disturbed sites, waste places, fields, grassy banks, ballast
Elevation: 0-2000 m

Distribution

V7 665-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Ont., Que., Calif., Ind., La., Mass., Nev., N.J., N.Y., Oreg., Pa., Tenn., Tex., Wash., Wis., Europe, introduced also in Mexico, South America, Asia, Africa, Atlantic Islands, Australia.

Discussion

Three subspecies of Rapistrum rugosum have been recognized, including: subsp. rugosum, subsp. linnaeanum Rouy & Foucaud, and subsp. orientale (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. They are distinguished mainly on the basis of silique shape, rugosity, prominence of ribs, and the length and thickness of fruiting pedicels. These features vary considerably and intergradation occurs in such a wide array of combinations that it seems rather meaningless to recognize them without further studies. All three subspecies and some of their intermediates have been found in the United States (I. A. Al-Shehbaz 1985; R. C. Rollins 1993). The species was first collected in the flora area in 1873 as a ballast plant from Boston, Massachusetts (Al-Shehbaz).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Rapistrum rugosum"
Suzanne I. Warwick +
(Linnaeus) Allioni +
Myagrum rugosum +
Bastard-cabbage +
Ont. +, Que. +, Calif. +, Ind. +, La. +, Mass. +, Nev. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Europe +, introduced also in Mexico +, South America +, Asia +, Africa +, Atlantic Islands +  and Australia. +
0-2000 m +
Roadsides, disturbed sites, waste places, fields, grassy banks, ballast +
Flowering Apr–Jul (Nov–Jun in Texas). +
Weedy +, Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Rapistrum hispanicum +
Rapistrum rugosum +
Rapistrum +
species +