Rhizomnium punctatum

(Hedwig) T. J. Koponen

Ann. Bot. Fenn. 5: 143. 1968.

Basionym: Mnium punctatum Hedwig Sp. Musc. Frond., 193. 1801
Synonyms: Rhizomnium punctatum subsp. chlorophyllosum (Kindberg) T. J. Koponen
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 242. Mentioned on page 237, 238.

Plants 1–3(–5) cm. Stems dark red or reddish brown when old; micronemata absent. Leaves green to light green, contorted when dry, broadly obovate or elliptic, (2–)3–5(–7) mm; margins pale green or reddish, 2–4-stratose; apex rounded or sometimes obtuse or truncate, short-mucronate or apiculate; costa percurrent or occasionally subpercurrent; medial laminal cells short-elongate or elongate, (50–)65–100(–120) µm, collenchymatous or not, walls pitted; marginal cells linear or short-linear, in 3 or 4 rows. Specialized asexual reproduction by green protonematous rhizoids. Sexual condition dioicous. Seta 1.5–3.5 cm. Capsule oblong-cylindric, 2–3.5 mm; operculum conic-rostrate; exostome greenish yellow, lamellae 18+. Spores 29–41 µm.

Phenology: Capsules mature spring.
Habitat: Forests, stream banks on logs, moist soil, humus, rock, on shaded cliffs
Elevation: low to moderate elevations


V28 387-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ala., Alaska, Ark., Calif., Ga., Idaho, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., Tex., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Europe, Asia, Africa.


Rhizomnium punctatum is distinguished by the lack of micronemata, percurrent costa, presence of an apiculus, and thick margins.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Rhizomnium punctatum"
Terry T. McIntosh +  and Steven G. Newmaster +
(Hedwig) T. J. Koponen +
Mnium punctatum +
Greenland +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, Tex. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Europe +, Asia +  and Africa. +
low to moderate elevations +
Forests, stream banks on logs, moist soil, humus, rock, on shaded cliffs +
Capsules mature spring. +
Ann. Bot. Fenn. +
Rhizomnium punctatum subsp. chlorophyllosum +
Rhizomnium punctatum +
Rhizomnium +
species +