Sansevieria hyacinthoides

(Linnaeus) Druce

Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 423. 1914

Common names: African bowstring hemp
Basionyms: Aloe hyacinthoides Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 321. 1753
Synonyms: Aloe guineensis (Linnaeus) Jacquin Cordyline guineensis (Linnaeus) Britton ex Small Sansevieria guineensis (Linnaeus) Willdenow Sansevieria thyrsiflora Thunberg
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 415. Mentioned on page 411.
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Illustrator: Bee F. Gunn
Leaves 4–10 × 0.5–0.9 dm; blade with transverse white- or yellow-mottled bands, flat, glabrous, margins often yellow, entire, tufted. Inflorescences paniculate, surpassing leaves, 6 dm. Flowers: tepals greenish white to pale pink, 25–40 mm, limb lobes recurved, linear, 14–18 mm; filaments surpassing lobes; ovary 5 mm; style filiform, to 4 mm; stigma capitate. Berries red, globose, 8 mm diam.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Near old dwelling sites
Elevation: 0–100 m


The taxonomic disposition of plants here treated as Sansevieria hyacinthoides has varied. R. W. Long and O. Lakela (1971) considered them S. thyrsiflora, while J. K. Small (1933) treated them as Cordyline guineensis, and L. H. Bailey et al. (1976) as S. hyacinthoides.



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.