Syst. Laur.,490. 1836
Phenology: Flowering spring (Apr–May).
Habitat: Habitat varied, forests, woodlands, fencerows, old fields (sometimes aggressively colonial), and disturbed areas
Elevation: 0-1500 m
Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.
Infraspecific taxa have been based on amount of pubescence of leaves and color of young twigs; these taxa are not recognized here.
Traditionally, "sassafras tea" was prepared by steeping the bark of the roots (D. S. Correll and M. C. Johnston 1970). It was once considered a relatively pleasant drink. Several indigenous populations used sassafras twigs as chewing sticks, and sassafras root is used occasionally in commercial dental poultices. Sassafras root was one of the ingredients of root beer; this use has now been banned.
Safrole (p-allylyn ethylenediozybenzene) is found as a minor component in many Lauraceae and as the principal component (80%) of sassafras oil. It is suspected of causing contact dermatitis and of being hallucinogenic, especially in large doses; it is also considered to be both carcinogenic and hepatotoxic (W. H. Lewis and M. P. F. Elvin-Lewis 1977).
|Author||Henk van der Werff +|
|Authority||(Nuttall) Nees +|
|Basionyms||Laurus albida +|
|Common name||Sassafras +, white sassafras +, filé + and gombo filé +|
|Distribution||Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. + and W.Va. +|
|Elevation||0-1500 m +|
|Habitat||Habitat varied, forests, woodlands, fencerows, old fields (sometimes aggressively colonial), and disturbed areas +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering spring (Apr–May). +|
|Publication title||Syst. Laur., +|
|Publication year||1836 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 520.xml +|
|Special status||Endemic +, Illustrated + and Weedy +|
|Synonyms||Laurus sassafras +, Sassafras albidum var. molle +, Sassafras officinalis +, Sassafras sassafras + and Sassafras variifolium +|
|Taxon family||Lauraceae +|
|Taxon name||Sassafras albidum +|
|Taxon parent||Sassafras +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|