Sisymbrium polyceratium


Sp. Pl. 2: 658. 1753.

Synonyms: Chamaeplium polyceratium (Linnaeus) Wallroth
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 669. Mentioned on page 666, 667.

Annuals; (densely leafy throughout); often glabrous. Stems (simple or few to several from base), erect or ascending to subprostrate, branched distally, 1–5(–7) dm, glabrous. Basal leaves (soon withered); initially rosulate; petiole (1–)2–5(–6.5) cm; blade oblanceolate to lanceolate (in outline), 2–7(–10) cm × 10–30(–45) mm, margins sinuate- or runcinate-pinnatifid to coarsely dentate; lobes 3–6 on each side, often triangular, slightly smaller than terminal lobe, margins dentate or subentire. Cauline leaves (sometimes bracts, several), similar to basal, (shortly petiolate); blade margins dentate or subentire, (surfaces glabrous or sparsely puberulent at and near margin). (Inflorescences 2–4(–6)-fasciculate, or flowers solitary and axillary, bracteate throughout.) Fruiting pedicels ascending to erect, stout, narrower than fruit base, 0.5–1(–2) mm. Flowers: sepals erect, oblong, 1–1.5 × 0.3–0.5 mm; petals spatulate, 1.5–2 × 0.4–0.6 mm, claw 0.6–1 mm; filaments (erect, yellowish), 1.2–1.7mm; anthers ovate, 0.3–0.5 mm. Fruits (erect to ascending), subulate-linear, recurved, straight, slightly torulose, stout (widest at base), 1–2(–2.3) cm × 0.9–1.7 mm; valves usually glabrous, rarely puberulent; ovules 20–44(–54) per ovary; style 0.5–1 mm; stigma slightly 2-lobed. Seeds 0.7–1 × 0.4–0.5 mm. 2n = 28.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–Jun.
Habitat: Waste grounds, disturbed sites, roadsides
Elevation: 0-200 m


V7 1146-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Pa., Tex., Europe, w, c Asia, nw Africa.


Selected References


Lower Taxa