Smilax ecirrata

(Engelmann ex Kunth) S. Watson in A. Gray et al.

in A. Gray et al., Manual ed. 6, 520. 1890

Synonyms: Coprosmanthus ecirrhatus (S. Watson) Chapman Coprosmanthus herbaceus var. ecirratus Engelmann ex Kunth Nemexia ecirrata (Engelmann ex Kunth) Small (as ecirrhata) Smilax herbacea var. ecirrata (Engelmann ex Kunth) A. de Candolle
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 472. Mentioned on page 467, 468, 469, 474.
Herbs. Stems annual, erect to leaning, with bladeless bracts proximally, leaves distally, 0.3–0.8 m, herbaceous; prickles absent. Leaves mostly distal (upper 1/2–2/3 of plant); petiole thin, shorter than blade; tendrils few and short or absent; blade thin, broadly elliptic-ovate to subrotund, 9–12 × 5–9 cm, pubescent and not glaucous abaxially, base cordate to truncate, margins entire, convex, apex round to acuminate. Umbels 1–3, proximalmost axillary to bracts below leaves, to 25-flowered, hemispherical to globose. Flowers: perianth green; tepals 3.5–4 mm; anthers ± equaling filaments; ovules (1–)2 per locule; pedicel 0.5–1.3 cm. Berries purplish black, globose, 9–11 mm, not glaucous. 2n = 52.

Phenology: Flowering May–Jun.
Habitat: Open woods and thickets
Elevation: 100–800 m


V26 984-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Ark., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Mich., Minn., Mo., Nebr., Ohio, Okla., S.Dak., Tenn., Wis.


Smilax ecirrhata is similar to S. huberi and S. biltmoreana, both with fewer leaves of different shapes.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Smilax ecirrata"
AuthorWalter C. Holmes +
Authority(Engelmann ex Kunth) S. Watson in A. Gray et al. +
DistributionOnt. +, Ark. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. + and Wis. +
Elevation100–800 m +
HabitatOpen woods and thickets +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
PhenologyFlowering May–Jun. +
Publication titlein A. Gray et al., Manual ed. +
Publication year1890 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V26/V26 984.xml +
SynonymsCoprosmanthus ecirrhatus +, Coprosmanthus herbaceus var. ecirratus +, Nemexia ecirrata + and Smilax herbacea var. ecirrata +
Taxon familySmilacaceae +
Taxon nameSmilax ecirrata +
Taxon parentSmilax +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 26 +