Syagrus romanzoffiana

(Chamisso) Glassman

Fieldiana: Botany 31: 382. 1968.

Common names: Queen palm
Basionym: Cocos romanzoffiana Chamisso in L. Choris, Voy. Pittor. 6: 5, plates 5, 6. 1822
Synonyms: Arecastrum romanzoffianum (Chamisso) Beccari Cocos plumosa Loddiges ex Hooker
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 121.
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Stems solitary, smooth, with conspicuous nodal rings. Leaves ca. 5 m. Fruits 3.0–3.5 cm, ovoid, yellowish orange; endocarp ovoid, brown, with 3 germination pores. 2n = 32.

Phenology: Flowering throughout the year.
Habitat: Disturbed hammocks and woodlands
Elevation: ca. 0–30 m


V22 74-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., Fla., native, South America.


Syagrus is tenuously represented in the flora by the cultivated ornamental S. romanzoffiana, still known in the nursery trade as Cocos plumosa. This South American species is widely planted throughout much of southern and central Florida. Although it is not yet widely established in the flora, seedlings volunteer in natural areas, and mature plants persist after cultivation. A closely related ornamental palm from South America, Butia capitata (Martius) Beccari, jelly palm, is widely grown in the southeastern United States and crosses with Syagrus romanzoffiana, producing × Butyagrus nabonnandii (A. R. Proschowsky) Vorster, largely sterile hybrids. Butia shows little inclination for escaping.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Syagrus romanzoffiana"
Scott Zona +
(Chamisso) Glassman +
Cocos romanzoffiana +
Queen palm +
Fla. +, native +  and South America. +
ca. 0–30 m +
Disturbed hammocks and woodlands +
Flowering throughout the year. +
Fieldiana: Botany +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Arecastrum romanzoffianum +  and Cocos plumosa +
Syagrus romanzoffiana +
species +