Syagrus romanzoffiana

(Chamisso) Glassman

Fieldiana: Botany 31: 382. 1968

Common names: Queen palm
Basionyms: Cocos romanzoffiana Chamisso in L. Choris, Voy. Pittor. 6: 5, plates 5, 6. 1822
Synonyms: Arecastrum romanzoffianum (Chamisso) Beccari Cocos plumosa Loddiges ex Hooker
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 121.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.


Stems solitary, smooth, with conspicuous nodal rings. Leaves ca. 5 m. Fruits 3.0–3.5 cm, ovoid, yellowish orange; endocarp ovoid, brown, with 3 germination pores. 2n = 32.

Phenology: Flowering throughout the year.
Habitat: Disturbed hammocks and woodlands
Elevation: ca. 0–30 m


V22 74-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Fla., native, South America.


Syagrus is tenuously represented in the flora by the cultivated ornamental S. romanzoffiana, still known in the nursery trade as Cocos plumosa. This South American species is widely planted throughout much of southern and central Florida. Although it is not yet widely established in the flora, seedlings volunteer in natural areas, and mature plants persist after cultivation. A closely related ornamental palm from South America, Butia capitata (Martius) Beccari, jelly palm, is widely grown in the southeastern United States and crosses with Syagrus romanzoffiana, producing × Butyagrus nabonnandii (A. R. Proschowsky) Vorster, largely sterile hybrids. Butia shows little inclination for escaping.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Syagrus romanzoffiana"
AuthorScott Zona +
Authority(Chamisso) Glassman +
BasionymsCocos romanzoffiana +
Common nameQueen palm +
DistributionFla. +, native + and South America. +
Elevationca. 0–30 m +
HabitatDisturbed hammocks and woodlands +
IllustrationPresent +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering throughout the year. +
Publication titleFieldiana: Botany +
Publication year1968 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V22/V22 74.xml +
SynonymsArecastrum romanzoffianum + and Cocos plumosa +
Taxon familyArecaceae +
Taxon nameSyagrus romanzoffiana +
Taxon parentSyagrus +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 22 +