Thalia dealbata [plate]. 1794
Phenology: Flowering late spring–early fall (May–Sep); fruiting summer–fall (Jun–Oct).
Habitat: Coastal plain in swamps, streamsides, roadside ditches, and ponds
Ark., Ga., Ill., La., Miss., Mo., Okla., S.C., Tex.
Thalia dealbata is the only species of Marantaceae endemic to North America and the only one not found in the tropics. Its sister species, T. multiflora Horkel ex Körnicke, is similarly restricted, but to the southernmost part of the range, southern Brazsil to Uruguay. It is possible that our species is the result of an early, chance long-distance dispersal event from a South American population. This might partially explain why the plants are autogamous in spite of the elaborate floral mechanism.
Thalia dealbata is grown as an ornamental in tropical and temperate gardens and is hardy as far north as Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Vancouver, British Columbia when the rhizome is submersed during winter.
Hartgerink, T. et al. 1978. Pollination of clumped and dispersed inflorescences of Thalia geniculata. Field Problem report, Tropical Biology -- ---An Ecological Approach, 78-1. Organization for Tropical Studies, Inc., Costa Rica. Pp. 159--162.
|Author||Helen Kennedy +|
|Common name||Powdery thalia +|
|Distribution||Ark. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, La. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Okla. +, S.C. + and Tex. +|
|Habitat||Coastal plain in swamps, streamsides, roadside ditches, and ponds +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering late spring–early fall (May–Sep) + and fruiting summer–fall (Jun–Oct). +|
|Publication title||Thalia dealbata +|
|Publication year||1794 +|
|Reference||atee1915a +, bentley-a +, hartgerink1978a +, kennedy1992a +, koch1857a +, mahanty1970a +, miege1960a +, sat1960a +, shuey1975a +, simmonds1954a +, suessenguth1921a + and titford1812a +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 70.xml +|
|Synonyms||Thalia barbata +|
|Taxon family||Marantaceae +|
|Taxon name||Thalia dealbata +|
|Taxon parent||Thalia +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 22 +|