Thalia dealbata

Fraser

Thalia dealbata [plate]. 1794

Common names: Powdery thalia
Synonyms: Thalia barbata Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: John Myers
Plants 0.7–2.5 m. Leaves: basal 2–5, cauline 0; sheath pruinose, glabrous; petiole pruinose, glabrous; pulvinus yellowish brown to red or purple-brown, 0.6–2.5 cm, glabrous; blade ovate, occasionally narrowly elliptic, 17–55 × 7–22 cm, firm, stiff-papery, base rounded, rarely obtuse, apex acuminate, abaxial surface pruinose, appearing whitish, glabrous, adaxial surface pilose to nearly villous in basal 0.5–1 cm of blade, including midrib, at apex, and along margin of broader side. Inflorescences erect, tightly clustered, compact array, 9–31 × 7–18 cm; scapes 0.5–1.9 m; rachis pruinose; internodes 2–3 mm; bracts markedly pruinose, appearing whitish, red-brown to red-purple beneath waxy coating, orbiculate, strongly cupped, 0.8–1.5 cm, stiff, leathery, glabrous. Flowers: sepals 1.5–2.5 mm; outer staminode dark purple, 12–15 × ca. 6 mm; callose staminode base white to pale purple, margins and apex dark purple, apical rim reduced, petal-like. Fruits nearly globose to broadly obovoid, 9–12 × 8–11 mm. Seeds dark brown to black, nearly globose to broadly ellipsoid, 8–10 × 7–9. 2n = 12 (in cultivation).

Phenology: Flowering late spring–early fall (May–Sep); fruiting summer–fall (Jun–Oct).
Habitat: Coastal plain in swamps, streamsides, roadside ditches, and ponds

Distribution

V22 70-distribution-map.jpg

Ark., Ga., Ill., La., Miss., Mo., Okla., S.C., Tex.

Discussion

Thalia dealbata is the only species of Marantaceae endemic to North America and the only one not found in the tropics. Its sister species, T. multiflora Horkel ex Körnicke, is similarly restricted, but to the southernmost part of the range, southern Brazsil to Uruguay. It is possible that our species is the result of an early, chance long-distance dispersal event from a South American population. This might partially explain why the plants are autogamous in spite of the elaborate floral mechanism.

Thalia dealbata is grown as an ornamental in tropical and temperate gardens and is hardy as far north as Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Vancouver, British Columbia when the rhizome is submersed during winter.

References

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Thalia dealbata"
AuthorHelen Kennedy +
AuthorityFraser +
Common namePowdery thalia +
DistributionArk. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, La. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Okla. +, S.C. + and Tex. +
HabitatCoastal plain in swamps, streamsides, roadside ditches, and ponds +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering late spring–early fall (May–Sep) + and fruiting summer–fall (Jun–Oct). +
Publication titleThalia dealbata +
Publication year1794 +
Referenceatee1915a +, bentley-a +, hartgerink1978a +, kennedy1992a +, koch1857a +, mahanty1970a +, miege1960a +, sat1960a +, shuey1975a +, simmonds1954a +, suessenguth1921a + and titford1812a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 70.xml +
SynonymsThalia barbata +
Taxon familyMarantaceae +
Taxon nameThalia dealbata +
Taxon parentThalia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 22 +