Trichomanes membranaceum

Linnaeus
Sp. Pl. 2: 1097. 1753.
Common names: Scale-edged bristle fern
Illustrated
Synonyms: Lecanium membranaceum (Linnaeus) C. Presl
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Plants epiphytic, on rock, or terrestrial. Stems long-creeping, threadlike, bearing scattered leaves, covered with dark hairs of 2 types, multicellular gland-tipped hairs and elongate rhizoidlike hairs. Leaves subsessile, irregularly ovate to oblong and often irregularly cleft, 2.5–6.5 × 1–3 cm, bearing multicellular gland-tipped hairs and elongate rhizoidlike hairs on petiole; margin fringed with minute, paired, roundish scales. Blades 2 cell layers thick between veins. Venation flabellate with many unconnected false veins. Soral involucres 5–15 per leaf, marginal on leaf apices, narrowly conic with flaring lips. Gametophytes unknown. 2n = 68.


Habitat: Terrestrial in acid humus
Elevation: below 10 m

Distribution

V2 117-distribution-map.gif

Miss., epiphytic and on rock, Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America.

Discussion

Trichomanes membranaceum resembles species of subg. Didymoglossum in its growth form and chromosome number, and it has been considered by some authors to be of that subgenus. Its marginal scales, absence of stellate hairs, and leaf blades 2 cell layers thick set it apart from other species of subg. Didymoglossum and all other American Trichomanes.

The single population reported from Harrison County, Mississippi, in 1929 (E. T. Wherry 1964) may be extirpated, and no other occurrences of Trichomanes membranaceum are currently known in the flora. Because it is a common and adaptable species of varied habitats throughout tropical America, occurrences along the Gulf Coast and in Florida are not unlikely.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.