Trichostomum planifolium

(Dixon) R. H. Zander

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 32: 92. 1993,.

Basionym: Weissia planifolia Dixon Rev. Bryol. 55: 179, fig. 1. 1928
Synonyms: Trichostomum perligulatum (H. A. Crum) R. H. Zander Weissia perligulata H. A. Crum Weissia sweetii E. B. Bartram
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 490. Mentioned on page 489, 515.

Stem rounded-pentagonal in section. Leaves flattened, ovate to elliptical, distal margins plane or weakly erect or rarely broadly involute, entire, not bordered; apex rounded or rounded-acute, plane to weakly concave, keeled or cucullate; basal cells evenly differentiated across leaf base or as a U, only weakly running up margins if at all, not distinctly enlarged submarginally; distal laminal cells pluripapillose with low papillae; mucro short-conic, of 3–4 cells. Sexual condition autoicous. Peristome teeth absent to short-lanceolate.

Habitat: Soil, margins of boulders, rock crevices
Elevation: moderate elevations


V27 708-distribution-map.gif

Calif., Colo., Nev., N.Mex., Mexico, e Asia (China, Japan).


Trichostomum planifolium was synonymized with T. crispulum by A. Stoneburner (1985) and Stoneburner and R. Wyatt (1985), but is retained here because it is monoicous. The leaf margins are sometimes inflexed distally, as in Weissia, and it was synonymized with Weissia perligulata by L. R. Stark (1996), the type of which has weakly inflexed or laxly involute distal leaf margins. The costa of T. planifolium and the similar T. brachydontium is quite thick and protrudes strongly abaxially. The gametophyte of Trichostomum planifolium is essentially that of T. brachydontium. It differs from Weissia inoperculata in having a slightly shorter apiculus, in addition to the stegocarpic capsule. Some plants of the type of W. perligulata (= T. planifolium) have comparatively very wide leaves with costa ending below the broadly rounded apex, yet other plants have leaves with costae that are percurrent or shortly excurrent from an obtuse or rounded acute apex, and in all leaves the papillae are large and short-spiculose, though not as salient as those of specimens assigned to W. andersoniana (= W. ligulifolia); S. Flowers (1973) suspected that W. ligulifolia and W. perligulata are synonymous, but found sexual differences between them on the basis of a few specimens; here the former is distinguished by the strongly involute distal laminal margins and distal lamina ca. 12–18 cells across on one side of the costa just above mid leaf versus margins plane or weakly incurved to laxly inflexed, and lateral lamina 25–30 cells across for T. planifolium.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Trichostomum planifolium"
Richard H. Zander +
(Dixon) R. H. Zander +
Weissia planifolia +
Calif. +, Colo. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, Mexico +, e Asia (China +  and Japan). +
moderate elevations +
Soil, margins of boulders, rock crevices +
Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. +
Trichostomum perligulatum +, Weissia perligulata +  and Weissia sweetii +
Trichostomum planifolium +
Trichostomum +
species +