Viola walteri var. walteri

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 164. Mentioned on page 135, 159.

Stipule margin processes 1/2+ stipule length. Leaf blade surfaces pubescent, hairs scattered throughout or concentrated along veins, adaxial surfaces, or toward margins. 2n = 20.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–May.
Habitat: Rich woodlands, upper floodplains, rocky ledges
Elevation: 100–2000 m


V6 298-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., Miss., N.C., Ohio, S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.


Variety walteri shows an interesting transition between caulescent and acaulescent violets; its growth habit is similar to Viola odorata (A. E. Radford et al. 1968). D. Klaber (1976) reported that V. walteri forms mats to 0.6 m in diameter.

Viola walteri and V. sempervirens have a similar growth habit, the abaxial and adaxial leaf surfaces of their mature leaves are often distinctly purple-dotted, and their stems persist through the winter.

Variety walteri is reported to hybridize with V. striata (= V. ×cooperrideri H. E. Ballard).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

R. John Little +  and Landon E. McKinney† +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +  and Va. +
100–2000 m +
Rich woodlands, upper floodplains, rocky ledges +
Flowering Mar–May. +
Chrysion +, Crocion +  and Lophion +
Viola walteri var. walteri +
Viola walteri +
variety +