Vitis palmata


Symb. Bot. 3: 42. 1794

Common names: Catbird or red grape
Synonyms: Vitis rubra Michaux ex Planchon
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 15. Mentioned on page 6.
Plants high climbing, sparsely branched. Branches: bark exfoliating in shreds; nodal diaphragms 2.5–4 mm thick; branchlets uniformly red, purplish red, or chestnut, subterete, glabrous or very sparsely arachnoid, growing tips not enveloped by unfolding leaves; tendrils red-pigmented when young, along length of branchlets, persistent, branched, tendrils (or inflorescences) at only 2 consecutive nodes; nodes not red-banded. Leaves: stipules 1.5–3 mm; petiole somewhat shorter than blade; blade usually cordate, 8–14 cm, usually deeply 3(–5)-lobed, apex long acuminate, abaxial surface not glaucous, glabrous, visible, veins and vein axils sometimes hirtellous, adaxial surface glabrous. Inflorescences 6–18 cm. Flowers functionally unisexual. Berries bluish black to black, slightly or not glaucous, globose, 8–10 mm diam., skin separating from pulp; lenticels absent. 2n = 38.

Phenology: Flowering mid Jun–early Jul; fruiting Aug–Oct.
Habitat: Riverbanks, sloughs, alluvial floodplain woodlands.
Elevation: 0–200 m.


V12 289-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Miss., Mo., Okla., Tenn., Tex.


Reports of Vitis palmata from Virginia (for example, in A. S. Weakley et al. 2012) appear to be based on misidentified material of V. vulpina with somewhat lobed leaves.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Vitis palmata"
AuthorMichael O. Moore† + and Jun Wen +
AuthorityVahl +
Common nameCatbird or red grape +
DistributionAla. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Okla. +, Tenn. + and Tex. +
Elevation0–200 m. +
HabitatRiverbanks, sloughs, alluvial floodplain woodlands. +
Illustration copyrightSmithsonian Institution +
IllustratorAlice Tangerini +
PhenologyFlowering mid Jun–early Jul + and fruiting Aug–Oct. +
Publication titleSymb. Bot. +
Publication year1794 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V12/V12 289.xml +
Special statusEndemic +
SynonymsVitis rubra +
Taxon familyVitaceae +
Taxon nameVitis palmata +
Taxon parentVitis subg. Vitis +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 12 +